3.1 Phonics and Word Recognition

Closed Syllables

  • A closed syllable is a syllable that ends with a consonant. The words fan, am, and left have closed syllables.
  • Multisyllabic words have closed syllables too. For example, a two-syllable word with the vowel-consonant-consonant-vowel pattern may have one or two closed syllables. You can divide the word by syllables between the two consonants.

  • swallow—swal low       hotdog—hot dog

    happen—hap pen        problem—prob lem

  • A two-syllable word can also have the vowel-consonant/vowel pattern, or VC/V.

    river—riv er       cover—cov er

    robin—rob in     planet—plan et


When you are ready, follow the link below to practice identifying closed syllables.

Click here when you’re ready to return to the Syllable Patterns Main Page.