Use Text Evidence
When you analyze text, you do more than add a list of facts to your memory. You gain a deeper understanding of the topic presented. To analyze a text, you examine its smaller parts to help you determine its meaning. Ask yourself questions such as
- What are the central ideas the author is trying to express?
- How does the way the author organized the information affect meaning?
- What is the author’s purpose or perspective?
Always make sure you support your analysis with text evidence. This is specific information in the text that backs up the points you make.
There are different types of texts you can analyze, such as primary sources and secondary sources.
- A primary source is a text that contains information provided by a person who experienced an event. A journal entry is an example of a primary source. A primary source can also include information from a time being studied. The Declaration of Independence is an example of this kind of primary source.
- A secondary source is based on primary sources. A secondary source, such as a magazine article based on research gathered by a reporter, is a written account of events or things that the author did not experience.
Click the Model button to see an example of using text evidence to form an analysis.